Hypothetical or real case assignments invite students to demonstrate how well they have mastered course content in practical, real-world applications.
After exposure to the concepts and procedures of a discipline, students can demonstrate their depth of understanding by applying what they have learned to actual or fictitious cases. Ways of measuring their success in this sort of exercise will vary from discipline to discipline. In general, the instructor should encourage and award points for conceptual clarity, proper use of terms, accuracy in discerning and summarizing important facts of the case, sensitivity to other points of view, the cogency of his or her conclusions or plan of action, and how well those conclusions or plan are grounded in facts.
Case studies can stand alone as separate projects or assignments, or they can be part of examinations.